JoLIE 1/2008


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Teodora Popescu

University of Alba Iulia, Romania






The aim of this study is to provide an overview of the situation of Romanian immigrants to Italy and the way in which this is reflected at various layers of communication. I will start by presenting some statistical data concerning this phenomenon, provided by various OECD publications. Next, I will comment on the findings of the surveys carried out by Metro Media Transilvania and commissioned by Agenţia pentru strategii guvernamentale[1]: Comunitatea românească în Italia: condiţii sociale, valori, aşteptări - Studiu sociologic [2] (December 2007) and Percepţia cetăţenilor italieni asupra României şi comunităţii româneşti din Italia[3] (March-April 2008). Last but not least, I will focus on media discourses on the issue of Romanian immigrants in Italy, as seen in the English-speaking media.


Key words: Migration; Romania; Italy; European integration; Free movement of labour.





BNR/INS (n.d.) Comunicat de presă: Cercetare statistică privind investiţiile străine directe (ISD) în România în anul 2006. Retrieved August, 8th, 2008, from


Drake, Helen (2008). Migration, but not as we know it? An analysis of the discourses of intra-EU migration: A Franco-British comparison. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the ISA's 49th ANNUAL CONVENTION, BRIDGING MULTIPLE DIVIDES, Hilton San Francisco, SAN FRANCISCO, CA, USA Online <PDF>. Retrieved March, 2nd, 2009 from


Fairclough, N. (1992). Discourse and social change. Cambridge: Polity Press


Fairclough, N. (1995a). Critical discourse analysis: The critical study of language. Boston: Addison Wesley.


Fairclough, N. (1995b). Media discourse. London: Edward Arnold. DOI:


Fairclough, N. (2003). Analysing discourse: Textual analysis for social research. London: Routledge. DOI:


Favell, A. (2006). After Enlargement: Europe’s new migration system. DIIS Brief. Retrieved August, 10th, 2008, from


MMT/ASG (2007). Comunitatea românească în Italia: condiţii sociale, valori, aşteptări: Studiu sociologic. Retrieved  August, 12th, 2008, from


MMT/ASG (2008). Percepţia cetăţenilor italieni asupra României şi comunităţii româneşti din Italia. Retrieved August, 12th, 2008, from


OECD. (2007). International Migration Outlook: Sopemi 2007 Edition. OECD. DOI:


OECD. (n.d.) International migration to OECD countries continues to grow in response to labour needs. Retrieved  August, 8th, 2008, from,3343,en_2649_33931_38835943_1_1_1_1,00.html.


van Dijk, T.A. (1998). Ideology: A Multidisciplinary Approach. London: Sage.


Analysed Corpus:


Catania, G. (2008, April). Humanising Europe’s Approach to Migration. In Catania, G. et al. Making migration work for Europe (pp. 9-16). Langport: Bagehot Publishing. Retrieved  August, 8th, from


Gurría, A. (n.d.) Presentation of "Gaining from Migration" to the High Level Conference on legal immigration, Mr Angel Gurría, OECD Secretary-General, Lisbon, 13 September 2007. Retrieved August, 8th, 2008, from,3343,en_2649_34487_39290756_1_1_1_1,00.html.


The Economist (2007, November 7), Italy's Cack-Handed Crackdown. Retrieved August, 8th, 2008, from



How to cite this article: Popescu, T. (2008). Immigration discourses: the case of Romanian immigrants in Italy. Journal of Linguistic and Intercultural Education – JoLIE, 1, 31-44. DOI:  



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[1] Agency for Governmental Strategies.

[2] The Romanian Community in Italy: social conditions, values, expectations.

[3] Italian citizens’ perception of Romania and the Romanian community in Italy.