JoLIE 14:1/2021


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Jasna Saračević

International Burch University, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Vildana Dubravac

International Burch University, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Amna Brdarević-Čeljo

International Burch University, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina

Senad Bećirović

International Burch University, Sarajevo, Bosnia and Herzegovina






The current study examined anxiety, neuroticism and extraversion amongst Bosnian high school and university students who were studying English as a foreign language (EFL). By employing the Public Speaking Class Anxiety Scale and the Big Five Inventory (BFI) test, the authors showed that this group of students was characterised by a relatively high level of extraversion and a medium level of neuroticism and anxiety about public speaking in class. The study further investigated the variation in both personality traits and anxiety based on gender, the level of education and out-of-school exposure to English as the target language. The first two factors had an insignificant effect on personality traits and anxiety, whereas out-of-school exposure to English proved to be significant in all contexts. Finally, the multiple regression analysis suggested that anxiety, extraversion and neuroticism were not significant predictors of students’ average EFL grades, while extraversion was a significantly positive predictor and anxiety was a significantly negative predictor of the students’ self-reported EFL knowledge. The study contributes to the further individualisation of formal language teaching and learning, as well as to the promotion of the development of independent life-long learners.


Keywords: Anxiety; Extraversion; Neuroticism; Age; Gender; Out-of-school exposure; EFL.





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How to cite this article: Saračević, J., Dubravac, V. Brdarević-Čeljo, A. & Bećirović, S. (2021). Anxiety, neuroticism and extraversion among EFL learners. Journal of Linguistic and Intercultural Education – JoLIE, 14(1), 143-162. doi:



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